Back Pain (thoracic, lumbar, sacrum (sacroiliac), coccyx)

Over 60% of the population will suffer from low back pain. Most of these injuries are due to life-long stresses and most people do not realize that a single event like a fall, or strain, is the final straw that causes an intervertebral disc to herniate. Most disc herniations result from a small incident that causes injury to a disc that has been weakened throughout life.

Often, MRI reports that find herniated disks note facet hypertrophy and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy. These latter findings ARE NOT caused by the accident that injured the disc. These result from life-long degeneration caused by poor postures, active lifestyles and improper biomechanics.

There are many causes of low back pain and with the proper orthopedic tests, we can find the cause, locate the exact level of your injury and develop a treatment plan to get you better. As noted above, Not all back pain is caused by a herniated disc. The disc lies in front of the spinal cord. The vertebrae connect behind the spinal cord at bony processes called facet joints. These facets cannot hold the weight that the disks can, so excessive weight-bearing on these joints can cause localized back pain.

Lumbar disc herniations occur when the gelatinous center of the disc is displaced through the periphery of the intervertebral disc. Most disks herniations are the result of several years, if not decades, of repetitive stress. Finally a small event, like bending to pick up a laundry basket or reaching to pick up a toy will cause the disc to herniate.